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青年学生人群艾滋病防治宣传教育核心知识(试行)

镇雄新闻网    2019-12-26 16:30    -

一、危害性认识

1、AIZIBINGSHIYIZHONGWEIHAIDA、SIWANGLVGAODEYANZHONGCHUANRANBING,BUKEZHIYU

真人斗地主GANRANAIZIBINGHUIJIXUEXI、SHENGHUODAILAIJUDAYINGXIANG。DUIYUJIATING、FUMUXINCUNKUIJIU;XUYAOZHONGSHENGUILVFUYAO;JINGSHENYALIZENGDA。

真人斗地主BINGDUHUIHUANMANPOHUAIRENDEMIANYIXITONG,RUOBUJIANCHIGUIFANZHILIAO,FABINGHOUBINGQINGFAZHANXUNSU。

FABINGHOUDECHANGJIANZHENGZHUANGBAOKUO:PIFU、NIANMOCHUXIANGANRAN,CHUXIANDANCHUNPAOZHEN、DAIZHUANGPAOZHEN、XUEPAO、YUXUEBAN、CHIXUXINGFARE、FEIYAN、FEIJIEHE、HUXIKUNNAN、CHIXUXINGFUXIE、BIANXUE、GANPIZHONGDA、BINGFAEXINGZHONGLIUDENG。

2、目前我国青年学生中艾滋病主要传播方式为男性同性性行为,其次为异性性行为

真人斗地主2018NIANWOGUOBAOGAOXINFAXIANAIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHE/AIZIBINGBINGREN14.9WANLI,QIZHONGXINGCHUANBOBILICHAOGUO90%。PINGJUNMEIXIAOSHIXINFAXIAN17WEIAIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHE/AIZIBINGBINGREN。

2011NIAN-2018NIAN,BAOGAOQINGNIANXUESHENGGANRANZHERENSHUZHANQUANBUQINGNIANRENQUN(15-24SUI)GANRANZHERENSHUDEBILIYOU10.4%SHANGSHENGDAO18.9%。XINFAXIANDEXUESHENGGANRANZHEHEBINGRENYIXINGCHUANBOWEIZHU,TEBIESHITONGXINGXINGCHUANBO。

3、不能通过外表判断一个人是否感染了艾滋病病毒

真人斗地主AIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHEZAIFABINGQIANWAIBIAOYUZHENGCHANGRENWUYI,JUEBUNENGCONGYIGERENWAIBIAOSHIFOUJIANKANGLAIPANDUANQISHIFOUGANRANAIZIBING。

YIXIEXUESHENGYOUYUZIKONGLIBUQIANG/JIBINGYUFANGZHISHIKUIFA,WUFADIYUYIXINGHUOTONGXINGDEYINYOU、HONGPIAN,YUZIYIWEIWAIBIAOJIANKANGDERENFASHENGXINGXINGWEI,GANRANAIZIBINGBINGDU。YEYOUJIGEBIEDEAIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHE,CHUYUGEZHONGYUANYIN,XUYIYUTARENFASHENGWUBAOHUXINGXINGWEI,CHUANBOJIBING,XUYAOYINQIGAODUJINGTI。

ER、YUFANGZHISHI

1、学习掌握性健康知识,提高自我保护意识与技能,培养积极向上的生活方式

真人斗地主ZHANGWOKEXUEDEXINGZHISHI,SHULIZHENGQUEDEXINGGUANNIAN,BAOZHENGANQUANDEXINGXINGWEI。XINGJIBUSHENMI、ANGZANG,YEBINGFEIZIYOU、FANGZONG。XINGCHONGDONGSHIYIZHONGZHENGCHANGDESHENGLIXIANXIANG,SHICHENGZHANGDEBIJINGGUOCHENG。QINGNIANXUESHENGYINGJIJIJIESHOUXINGJIANKANGJIAOYU,FENGFUKEYUSHENGHUO,TIGAOZIZHILI。

2、艾滋病目前没有疫苗可以预防,掌握预防知识、拒绝危险行为,做好自身防护才是最有效的预防手段。

坚持每次正确使用安全套,可有效预防艾滋病/性病的感染与传播选择质量合格的安全套,确保使用方法正确。

SHIYONGANQUANTAOBUYIWEIZHEKEYIFANGZONGGERENDEXINGXINGWEI。ZHENGQUESHIYONGANQUANTAOXUYAOZHUYIYIXIAJIDIAN:

·使用前应特别留意安全套的出厂日期和有效期,确保安全套不过期;要将安全套前端的小囊捏瘪,排出空气;

·每一次性行为都要使用新的安全套,不重复使用。

·真人斗地主全程都要使用安全套:即在阴茎接触阴道、肛门或口腔之前,就要戴上安全套; 

·良好的润滑对防止安全套破裂是很重要的;只能使用水性的润滑剂,油性润滑剂容易造成安全套破裂;

·真人斗地主射精后应立即抽出,注意安全套有无破损。如有破损,应考虑去相关机构进行咨询检测。

3、艾滋病通过含有艾滋病病毒的血液和体液(精液/阴道分泌物等)传播,共用学习用品、共同进餐、共用卫生间、握手、拥抱等日常接触不会传播

AIZIBINGBINGDUZAIXIAMIANZHEIXIETIYEZHONGCUNZAILIANGDA,JUYOUHENQIANGCHUANRANXING: 

•XUEYE;

•JINGYE;

•YINDAOFENMIWU;

•MURU;

•SHANGKOUSHENCHUYE

真人斗地主KEYIGUINAWEIXUEYECHUANBO、XINGCHUANBO、MUYINGCHUANBO。

RICHANGXUEXISHENGHUOJIECHUBUHUICHUANBOAIZIBINGBINGDU。

真人斗地主WENCHONGDINGYAOBUHUICHUANBOAIZIBINGBINGDU。

4、注射吸毒会增加经血液感染艾滋病病毒的风险。使用新型合成毒品/醉酒会增加经性途径感染艾滋病病毒的风险

真人斗地主YUAIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHEGONGYONGZHENJUXIDUHUISHIBINGDUTONGGUOWURANDEZHENJUCHUANBO。

SHIYONGXINXINGHECHENGDUPIN(BINGDU、YAOTOUWAN、KFENDENG)HUOZHEZUIJIUKECIJIHUOYIZHIZHONGSHUSHENJINGHUODONG,JIANGDIZIJIDEFENGXIANYISHI,XINGBANSHULIANGHEBUANQUANXINGXINGWEIDEPINLVHUIZENGJIA,NEIMEYEHUIJIANJIEDIZENGDAHIVHEXINGBINGCHUANRANDEFENGXIAN。

5、性病可增加感染艾滋病病毒的风险,必须及时到正规医疗机构诊治

XINGBINGBINGRENGANRANAIZIBINGDEWEIXIANGENGGAO。TEBIESHIXIANGMEIDU、SHENGZHIQIPAOZHENHERUANXIAGANDENGYISHENGZHIQIKUIYANGWEITEZHENGDEXINGBING,KUIYANGSHIAIZIBINGBINGDUGENGRONGYIRUQIN。

真人斗地主6、72XIAOSHINEISHIYONGBAOLUHOUYUFANGYONGYAOKEJIANSHAOAIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANDEFENGXIAN

真人斗地主发生暴露后,比如破损手指沾染艾滋病人的血液、同HIV感染者发生了无保护的性行为,可以使用暴露后预防用药。暴露后预防用药可以有效降低感染艾滋病病毒的风险。

FUYAOZHOUQI:28TIAN。

真人斗地主FUYAOZHONGLEI:HIVGANRANZHEKANGBINGDUZHILIAODEYAOWU,GENJUDANGDIYAOPINDEKEJIXINGJIYISHENGPINGGUHOUKAIJUYONGYAOFANGAN。

FUYAOXIAOGUO:YUQISHIYONGYAOSHIJIANMIQIEXIANGGUAN,YUANZESHANGBUCHAOGUOBAOLUHOU72XIAOSHI。SHIJIANYUEZAO,BAOHUXIAOGUOYUEHAO。

SAN、JIANCEYUZHILIAO

1、发生高危行为后(共用针具吸毒/无保护性行为等),应该主动进行艾滋病检测与咨询,早发现、早诊断、早治疗急性感染期传染性较强。常出现的症状有发热、头痛、皮疹、腹泻等流行性感冒样症状。但是这些症状是否出现因人而异。

真人斗地主HIVKANGTIDECHUSHAIJIANCEJIEGUOCHENGYANGXINGBUNENGQUEDINGSHIFOUGANRAN,YINGJINKUAIDAOJUBEIZHENDUANZIGEDEYILIAOWEISHENGJIGOUJINXINGQUEZHEN。

AIZIBINGBINGDUCHUANGKOUQISHIZHICONGHIVGANRANRENTIDAOGANRANZHEXUEQINGZHONGDEHIVKANGTI、KANGYUAN、HUOHESUANDENGGANRANBIAOZHIWUNENGBEIJIANCECHUZHIQIANDESHIQI。QINGZHUYI,ZAICHUANGKOUQIDEXUEYEYIYOUGANRANXING。XIANYOUDEZHENDUANJISHUJIANCEHIVKANGTI、KANGYUAN、HEHESUANDECHUANGKOUQIFENBIEWEIGANRANHOUDE3ZHOU、2ZHOUHE1ZHOUZUOYOU。

真人斗地主YINCI,XUYAOZHUYIZIJIJIANCEDESHIJIANYAOZAICHUANGKOUQIGUOHOU。JUTIKEZIXUNDANGDIDEZIYUANZIXUNJIANCEMENZHEN。

2、疾控中心、医院等机构均能提供保密的艾滋病检测和咨询服务

真人斗地主GUOWUYUAN《AIZIBINGFANGZHITIAOLI》GUIDING,GUOJIADUIGERENJIESHOUZIYUANZIXUNJIANCEDEXINXIWANQUANBAOMI。KEYIQIUZHUYUZUIJINDEZIYUANZIXUNJIANCEMENZHEN(VCTMENZHEN)。WEISHENGBUMENZHIDINGDEZIYUANZIXUNJIANCEMENZHENSUOTIGONGDEZIXUNHEJIANCEFUWUDOUSHIWANQUANMIANFEIDE。

真人斗地主ZIYUANZIXUNJIANCEMENZHENTONGCHANGSHEZAIDANGDIJIKONGZHONGXIN/YIYUAN/FUYOUBAOJIANYUAN。BUFENZONGHEYIYUANPIFUXINGBINGKEKEYIJINXINGAIZIBINGJIANCE,HAIYOUYIXIESHEHUIZUZHIYENENGGOUTIGONGMIANFEIDEAIZIBINGKUAISUJIANCEJIZIXUNFUWU。

3、感染艾滋病病毒后及早接受抗病毒治疗可提高患者的生活质量,同时减少艾滋病病毒传播

YIDANGANRANAIZIBINGBINGDU,TINEIBINGDUFUZHIJIUYIJINGKAISHI,HUIZHUJIANSUNHAIQUANSHENDUOGEQIGUAN,JIZAOZHILIAONENGGOUYIZHIBINGDUFUZHI,JIANGDISHANGSHUSUNHAIDEFASHENGJIHUI,SHIMIANYIGONGNENGHUIFUBINGBAOCHIZHENGCHANGSHUIPING,BAOCHIJIAOHAODESHENTIZHUANGKUANG,JIANSHAOAIZIBINGBINGDUCHUANBO。

SI、FALVFAGUI

艾滋病病毒感染者也是艾滋病的受害者,应该得到理解和关心,但故意传播艾滋病的行为既不道德,又要承担法律责任

真人斗地主AIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHEHEAIZIBINGBINGRENDEGEXIANGQUANLISHOUDAOFALVBAOHU。《CHUANRANBINGFANGZHIFA》GUIDING,“RENHEDANWEIHEGERENBUDEQISHICHUANRANBINGBINGREN、BINGYUANXIEDAIZHEHEYISICHUANRANBINGBINGREN”。《AIZIBINGFANGZHITIAOLI》GUIDING, “RENHEDANWEIHEGERENBUDEQISHIAIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHE、AIZIBINGBINGRENJIQIJIASHU。AIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHE、AIZIBINGBINGRENJIQIJIASHUXIANGYOUDEHUNYIN、JIUYE、JIUYI、RUXUEDENGHEFAQUANYISHOUFALVBAOHU”。

AIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHEHEAIZIBINGBINGRENZAIDEZHIGANRANAIZIBINGBINGDUHOUYINGZHUDONGGAOZHIXINGBANHUOPEIOU。RUOJIXUTONGTARENFASHENGWUBAOHUXINGXINGWEIZEWEIGUYICHUANBO。GUYIYINMANHECHUANBOAIZIBINGSHIYIZHONGJIQIBUDAODEDEXINGWEI,TONGSHIYEWEIFANLEGUOJIAFALVGUANYUGUYICHUANBOCHUANRANXINGJIBINGDEGUIDING,XUYAOCHENGDANXIANGYINGDEFALVZEREN。《AIZIBINGFANGZHITIAOLI》DI38TIAOGUIDING,“AIZIBINGBINGDUGANRANZHEHEAIZIBINGBINGRENBUDEYIRENHEFANGSHIGUYICHUANBOAIZIBING”。《CHUANRANBINGFANGZHIFA》DI77TIAOGUIDING,“DANWEIHEGERENWEIFANBENFAGUIDING,DAOZHICHUANRANBINGCHUANBO、LIUXING,JITARENRENSHEN、CAICHANZAOCHENGSUNHAIDE,YINGDANGYIFACHENGDANMINSHIZEREN”。



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